The bladder is a sac which gathers urine produced by the kidneys. It is located in the lower abdomen. The National Cancer Institute reports, "Each year in the United States, bladder cancer is diagnosed in 38,000 men and 15,000 women. This is the fourth most common type of cancer in men and the eighth most common in women." Caucasian men over 55 are the most at risk.
Risk factors include smoking, frequent bladder infections, exposures to center chemicals or carcinogens, medical treatment with cyclophosphamide or arsenic and chlorine.
Blood in the urine is the most common symptom. There may be pain when urinating. Frequent and urgent urination is another symptom. Most disturbing, some bladder cancer patients may be totally asymptomatic.
If the cancer is superficial, survival rates may be good. If it is invasive, survival rates are poor. Overall bladder cancer is considered one of the more survivable forms of cancer.
To treat bladder cancer with local chemotherapy or even neutraceuticals, a small flexible tube in inserted through the urethra to allow free introduction of substances into the bladder for contact therapy. For advanced cases, surgery is the common treatment; part or all of the bladder may be removed requiring permanent use of an external catheter and urine bag. Radiation treatment is not usually effective for bladder cancer.
Bladder cancers do respond very well to localized hyperthermia as well as microdose chemotherapy. We believe that such therapy should certainly be tried before submitting to drastic surgical intervention. Immunotherapy is also used as a treatment.